The last 18 months have been a roller coaster ride for investors, even though stocks and bonds have delivered strong returns this year. With interest rates around the world declining, the financial markets have been mostly ignoring the increasing number of signs our global and U. S. economies are slowing. The volatility that initially reappeared in 2018, then in early May of this year, and now again within the last week, is increasingly looking like a precursor for more in the future. Although we feel the global economic expansion can continue, our business cycle appears to be in the later stages. Investing is likely to become more challenging from here.